Autogenous temporomandibular joint (TMJ) reconstruction offers a number of advantages including the potential for growth, biocompatibility, and availability. Autogenous joint replacements, particularly costochondral grafts, are always preferred for the growing patients.
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders / pathology and dentofacial deformities commonly co-exist. The TMJ pathology may be the causative factor of the jaw deformity, develop as a result of the jaw deformity, or the two entities may develop independent of each other.
According to numerous series reported in the literature, fractures of the mandibular condyle account for 26% to 57% of all mandibular fractures. The male-to-female sex ratio ranges from 3:1 to 2:1, depending on which population is studied.
Anterior open bite (AOB) is a term used if there is localized absence of occlusion anteriorly when the remaining teeth are in occlusion; it is commonly one of the main symptoms of an overall dentofacial deformity. Diagnosis, treatment, and retention can be difficult because this malocclusion has numerous correlated etiologic factors.
Alloplastic total joint systems are avail-able custom-designed for the patient. The use of a custom implant system is usually necessitated in cases where there is a severe craniofacial deformity present with an anatomical discrepancy, which precludes the use of a stock device.
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is one of the most common disorders in the maxillofacial region which usually presents with pain, unusual sounds, discomfort in chewing and locking of the jaw. TMD patients comprise a considerable proportion of patients seeking treatment; early diagnosis is important because it is proven that acute TMD responds well to treatment in contrast to chronic TMD.